Nerson's Woods, Franklin
American Civil War
April 14, 1863
While the other two Union XIX Army Corps divisions comprising the expedition into West Louisiana moved across Berwick Bay towards Fort Bisland, Brigadier General Cuvier Grover's division went up the Atchafalaya River into Grand Lake, intending to intercept a Confederate retreat from Fort Bisland or turn the enemy's position.
On the morning of April 13, the division landed in the vicinity of Franklin and scattered Rebel troops attempting to stop them from disembarking. That night, Grover ordered the division to cross Bayou Teche and prepare for an attack towards Franklin at dawn.
In the meantime, Confederate Major General Richard Taylor had sent some men to meet Grover's threat.
On the morning of the 14th, Taylor and his men were at Nerson's Woods, around a mile and a half above Franklin. As Grover's lead brigade marched out a few miles, it encountered Rebels on its right and began skirmishing with them.
The fighting became intense; the Rebels attacked, forcing the Yankees to fall back. The gunboat Diana arrived and anchored the Confederate right flank. The Confederates were outnumbered, however, and, as Grover began making dispositions for an attack, they retreated leaving the field to the Union.
This victory, along with the one at Fort Bisland, two days earlier, assured the success of the expedition into West Louisiana.
Result(s): Union victory
Location: St. Mary Parish
Campaign: Operations in West Louisiana (1863)
Date(s): April 14, 1863
Principal Commanders: Brigadier General Cuvier Grover [US]; Major General Richard Taylor [CS]
Forces Engaged: 4th Division, XIX Army Corps [US]; 28th Louisiana Infantry, 2nd Louisiana Cavalry, 12th Louisiana Infantry Battalion, 4th Texas Cavalry, and Cornay's Louisiana Battery [CS]
Estimated Casualties: Total unknown (US 353; CS unknown)
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