Civil War Pennsylvania
American Civil War
July 1-3, 1863
General Robert E. Lee concentrated his full strength against Major General George G. Meade's Army of the Potomac at the crossroads county seat of Gettysburg.
On July 1, Confederate forces converged on the town from west and north, driving Union defenders back through the streets to Cemetery Hill. During the night, reinforcements arrived for both sides.
On July 2, Lee attempted to envelop the Federals, first striking the Union left flank at the Peach Orchard, Wheatfield, Devil's Den, and the Round Tops with Longstreet's and Hill's divisions, and then attacking the Union right at Culp's and East Cemetery Hills with Ewell's divisions. By evening, the Federals retained Little Round Top and had repulsed most of Ewell's
During the morning of July 3, the Confederate infantry were driven from their last toe-hold on Culp's Hill. In the afternoon, after a preliminary artillery bombardment, Lee attacked the Union center on Cemetery Ridge.
The Pickett-Pettigrew assault (more popularly, Pickett's Charge) momentarily pierced the Union line but was driven back with severe casualties.
Stuart's cavalry attempted to gain the Union rear but was repulsed.
On July 4, Lee began withdrawing his army toward Williamsport on the Potomac River. His train of wounded stretched more than fourteen miles.
Result(s): Union victory
Location: Adams County
Campaign: Gettysburg Campaign (June-August 1863) next battle in campaign previous battle in campaign
Date(s): July 1-3, 1863
Principal Commanders: Major General George G. Meade [US]; General Robert E. Lee [CS]
Forces Engaged: 158,300 total (US 83,289; CS 75,054) Estimated Casualties: 51,000 total (US 23,000; CS 28,000)
Gettysburg July 2, 1863
The cemetary after the Battle
The Civil War - A Film by Ken Burns
Here is the saga of celebrated generals and ordinary soldiers, a heroic and transcendent president and a country that had to divide itself in two in order to become one
Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg
Pickett's July 3, 1863 charge up Cemetery Ridge is the climactic event of the Battle of Gettysburg
and the defining moment of the Civil War..
Days of Destiny
Presented by the Gettysburg Anniversary Committee and filmed at the massive 140th Gettysburg Battle Reenactment. The dramatic story unfolds through both Union and Confederate commanders dispatches, diaries and after-battle reports, with some of the biggest and most exciting Civil War battle sequences ever filmed
Robert E. Lee
This book not only offers concise detail but also gives terrific insight into the state of the Union and Confederacy during Lee's life. Lee was truly a one of kind gentleman and American, and had Virginia not been in the south or neutral, he ultimately
would have led the Union forces.
Meade: Victor of Gettysburg
Meade took command only hours before his forces stumbled upon Robert E. Lee's Confederates at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in 1863. He led his men to victory in one of the most famous battles in history, but Meade was soon embroiled in
political battles with fellow generals and Washington politicians
The Maps of Gettysburg: The Gettysburg Campaign, June 3 - July 13, 1863
The Maps of Gettysburg plows new ground in the study of the
campaign by breaking down the entire campaign in 140 detailed original maps. These cartographic originals bore down to the regimental level, and offer Civil Warriors a unique and fascinating approach to studying the always climactic battle of the war.
Small Arms at Gettysburg: Infantry and Cavalry Weapons in America's Greatest Battle
Here we learn that the smoothbore musket, although beloved by some who carried it, sang its swan song, the rifle-musket began to come into its own, and the repeating rifle, although tactically
mishandled, gave a glimpse of future promise. This is the story of the weapons and men who carried them into battle during three days in July 1863
Gettysburg--The First Day
A detailed tactical description of the first day's fighting. The engagements in McPherson Woods, at the Railroad Cuts, on Oak Ridge, on Seminary Ridge, and at Blocher's Knoll, and the retreat of Union forces through
Courage on Little Round Top
A Historical Novel
Robert Wicker of the Fifteenth Alabama Regiment is promoted to Second Lieutentant after his predecessor was killed in action. Robert's regiment along with the rest of Robert E.
Lee's Army of Northern Virginia are now on northern soil.
Jeb Stuart and the Confederate Defeat at Gettysburg
Warren C. Robinson reassesses the historical record to come to a clearer view of Stuart's orders for the crucial battle (as well as what was expected of him), of his actual performance, and of the impact his late arrival had on
the outcome of the campaign.
Civil War History Book Club Additional Reading
Gettysburg park licensed guides say that this is the one book they consider the foundation of their knowledge and essential to passing their licensing exam.
An excellent in-depth accounting the Gettysburg campaign The events leading up to the battle of Gettysburg, and the battle itself, stand as one of the most significant points in American history. This narrative covers events several months prior to the battle, with a comparatively brief description of the battle itself. The strength of the book is clearly in the campaign itself, with ample
reflection on the motives and causes leading to the conflict. The author skillfully overlays the campaign against the political backdrop of the period, and seems to relate many of the command decisions to Presidental authority. While the author presents little novel information, he has done a masterful job of progessively focusing the reader on the causes of the campaign, the difficulties faced
by each of the commanders, the onset of the battle, and the aftermath. The book is impeccably referenced and researched, and stands as a indispensible resource for all interested in the Civil War. This book will appeal to anyone who is serious in their study of Gettysburg.
The full dynamics of Longstreet's Charge on the second day, from the suppression of the Union artillery in the Peach Orchard to the attacks and counterattacks around the Wheat Field, Devil's Den, and Little Round Top. The tactics are explained on regimental level. The assault by Anderson's Division on Cemetery Ridge are included
Pickett's Charge--The Battle of Gettysburg--is best remembered as the turning point of the U.S. Civil War. But Penn State historian Carol Reardon reveals how hard it is to remember the past accurately, especially when an event such as this one so quickly slipped into myth. She writes, "From the time the battle smoke cleared, Pickett's Charge took on this chameleon
like aspect and, through a variety of carefully constructed nuances, adjusted superbly to satisfy the changing needs of Northerners, Southerners, and, finally, the entire nation."
Horses of Gettysburg
Civil War Minutes
Filmed in high definition with charging horses, battlefield panoramas and no "talking heads," this cinematic documentary tells the story of the estimated 72,000 horses and mules that fought at the Battle of Gettysburg and uncovers the strategies employed to ensure that the millions of animals in service with the North and South remained healthy and well-trained for action.
Gettysburg / Gods and Generals
The tide of the war changes during three fierce
days of combat at Gettysburg [Disc 1] the gripping saga of the tactics command errors and sacrifices behind the bloodiest battle ever fought on U.S. soil. Gods and Generals [Disc 2] reveals the spirited allegiances and fierce combat of earlier Civil War struggles
U.S. National Park Service
U.S. Library of Congress.
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