In combination with Major General Benjamin Butler's offensive north of the James River, Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant extended his left flank to cut Confederate lines of communication southwest of Petersburg.
Two divisions of the IX corps under Major General John G. Parke, two divisions of the V Corps under Major General G.K. Warren, and Brigadier General David M. Gregg's cavalry division were assigned to the operation.
On September 30, the Federals marched via Poplar Spring Church to reach Squirrel Level and Vaughan Roads. The initial Federal attack overran Fort Archer, flanking the Confederates out of their Squirrel Level Road line. Late afternoon, Confederate reinforcements arrived, slowing the Federal advance.
On October 1, the Federals repulsed a Confederate counterattack directed by Lieutenant General A.P. Hill. Reinforced by Major General Gershom Mott's division, the Federals resumed their advance on the 2nd, captured Fort MacRae which was lightly defended, and extended their left flank to the vicinity of Peebles' and Pegram's Farms.
With these limited successes, Meade suspended the offensive. A new line was entrenched from the Federal works on Weldon Railroad to Pegram's Farm.
Result(s): Union victory
Location: Dinwiddie County
Campaign: Richmond Petersburg Campaign (June 1864-March 1865) next battle in campaign previous battle in campaign
Date(s): September 30-October 2, 1864
Principal Commanders: Major General George G. Meade, Major General John G. Parke, and Major General G.K. Warren [US]; Lieutenant General A.P. Hill and Major General Wade Hampton [CS]
Forces Engaged: Corps
Estimated Casualties: 3,800 total