In April 1863, Major General Nathaniel P. Banks launched an expedition up Bayou Teche in western Louisiana aimed at Alexandria.
On April 9, two divisions crossed Berwick Bay from Brashear City to the west side at Berwick.
On the 12th, a third division went up the Atchafalaya River to land in the rear of Franklin intending to intercept a Rebel retreat from Fort Bisland or turn the enemy's position. Major General Richard Taylor sent Colonel Tom Green's regiment to the front to ascertain the enemy's strength and retard his advance.
On the 11th, the Yankees began their advance in earnest.
Late on the 12th, Union troops arrived outside the defenses in battle line. An artillery barrage ensued from both sides until dark when the Yankees, many of whom were hit by Rebel cannon fire, fell back and camped for the night.
About 9:00 am on the 13th, the Union forces again advanced on Fort Bisland. Combat did not begin until after 11:00 am and continued until dusk. In addition to Rebel forces in the earthworks, the gunboat Diana, now in Confederate hands, shelled the Yankees. U.S. gunboats joined the fray in late afternoon. The fighting ceased after this.
Later that night, Taylor learned that the Yankee division that went up the Atchafalaya and landed in his rear was now in a position to cut off a Confederate retreat. Taylor began evacuating supplies, men, and weapons, leaving a small force to retard any enemy movement. The next morning, the Yankees found the fort abandoned.
Fort Bisland was the only fortification that could have impeded this Union offensive, and it had fallen.
Result(s): Union victory
Location: St. Mary Parish
Campaign: Operations in West Louisiana (1863)
Date(s): April 12-13, 1863
Principal Commanders: Major General Nathaniel P. Banks [US]; Major General Richard Taylor [CS]
Forces Engaged: Banks's Department of the Gulf, XIX Army Corps [US]; District of Western Louisiana [CS]
Estimated Casualties: Total 684 (US 234; CS 450)