Payne's Farm and New Hope Church were the first and heaviest clashes of the Mine Run Campaign.
In late November 1863, Meade attempted to steal a march through the Wilderness and strike the right flank of the Confederate army south of the Rapidan River.
General Jubal A. Early in command of Ewell's Corps marched east on the Orange Turnpike to meet the advance of William French's III Corps near Payne's Farm.
Carr's division (US) attacked twice. Johnson's division (CS) counterattacked but was scattered by heavy fire and broken terrain.
After dark, Lee withdrew to prepared field fortifications along Mine Run.
The next day the Union army closed on the Confederate position. Skirmishing was heavy, but an attack did not materialize.
Meade concluded that the Confederate line was too strong to attack and retired during the night of December 1-2, ending the winter campaign.
Location: Orange County
Campaign: Mine Run Campaign (November-December 1863)
only battle in campaign Campaigns
Date(s): November 27-December 2, 1863
Principal Commanders: Major General George G. Meade [US]; General Robert E. Lee [CS]
Forces Engaged: Armies: 114,069 total (US 69,643; CS 44,426)
Estimated Casualties: 1,952 total (US 1,272; CS 680)