Ambrose Burnside, the Union general, was a major player on the Civil War stage from the first
clash at Bull Run until the final summer of the war. He led a corps or army during most of this time and played important roles in various theaters of the war.
Civil War in Virginia
American Civil War
July 30, 1864
Colored Troops figured prominently in the ill-fated Battle of the Crater fought on July 30, 1964 as part of the Petersburg Campaign. In utter confusion, black and white Federal units poured into a crater which resulted from a planned mine explosion set off by Union soldiers under the small Confederate fort. Northern soldiers were cut down in the chaos with blacks
experiencing the heaviest single-day casualties of the war
After weeks of preparation, on July 30 the Federals exploded a mine in Burnside's IX Corps sector beneath Pegram's Salient, blowing a gap in the Confederate defenses of Petersburg.
From this propitious beginning, everything deteriorated rapidly for the Union attackers. Unit after unit charged into and around the crater, where soldiers milled in confusion.
The Confederates quickly recovered and launched several counterattacks led by Major General William Mahone. The break was sealed off, and the Federals were repulsed with severe casualties.
Ferrarro's division of black soldiers was badly mauled. This may have been Grant's best chance to end the Siege of Petersburg. Instead, the soldiers settled in for another eight months of trench warfare.
Major General Ambrose E. Burnside was relieved of command for his role in the debacle.
Result(s): Confederate victory
Campaign: Richmond Petersburg Campaign (June 1864-March 1865) next battle in campaign previous battle in campaign
Date(s): July 30, 1864
Principal Commanders: Major General Ambrose E. Burnside [US]; General Robert E. Lee [CS]
Forces Engaged: IX Corps [US]; elements of the Army of Northern Virginia [CS]
Estimated Casualties: 5,300 total
Army Life in a Black Regiment: and Other
In 1862, Thomas Wentworth Higginson was commissioned as a colonel to head the first regiment of emancipated slaves. A Civil War memoir written by an abolitionist, this text is the stirring history of the first regiment of emancipated slaves formed to fight in the Civil War
Colored picket guards near Petersburg, VA 1864
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- Size: Figures Stand up to 2-1/8 inches tall
- Scale: 1/32nd, Wagons and Horses slightly smaller
Standing Soldiers, Kneeling Slaves
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Where Death and Glory Meet: Colonel Robert Gould Shaw and the 54th Massachusetts
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The Journal of James Edmond Pease: A Civil War Union Soldier, Virginia, 1863
James was only 15 when he joined, but he was able to get in. Nobody really liked him cause he was unlucky. One day in the confusion he charged ahead of his company and scared off all the Confederates single handed. After that, he became well liked by most people and soon rose Corporal. He showed his bravery when he spent a week in enemy territory. By the end of the war he rose up to Second
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Night Boat to Freedom is a wonderful story about the Underground
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Blue Vs. Gray - Killing Fields
Relive the most vicious fighting of the Civil War, in
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U.S. National Park Service
U.S. Library of Congress.
City of Alexandria Virginia
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