Black Slave Owners

American Civil War Battle
Gettysburg Pennsylvania
July 1-3 1863

The Hotchkiss Map

  The Blackford Map
The Armies Move North from Virginia
Cumberland Valley to Gettysburg Map
South Mountain to Susquehanna Map
Campbell Brown's Recollections
The Narrows out of South Mountain
Rail Net Damage by Stuart and Early Map
Lee's Retreat To Falling Waters Map
Positions of the Armies: June 28 to July 1


This map was drawn by Stonewall Jackson's map maker, Jed Hotchkiss while the Rebel Army was at Fredericksburg, in January 1863.
The Blackford and Hotchkiss maps demonstrate the fact that General Lee planned the Battle of Gettysburg from almost the day he crossed the Potomac after Antietam.
Jed Hotchkiss Gettysburg Road Map


Joe Ryan

Joe Ryan Original Works


About the author:
Joe Ryan is a Los Angeles trial lawyer who has traveled the route of the Army of Northern Virginia, from Richmond to Gettysburg several times.

Battle of Gettysburg
General Robert E. Lee
General JEB Stuart
General Jubal Early
Confederate Commanders
General Joseph Hooker
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Women in the Civil War

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