Rappahannock Station
Waterloo Bridge, White Sulphur Springs
Civil War Virginia

American Civil War
August 22-25, 1862

Early August, General Lee determined that Union General McClellan's army was being withdrawn from the Peninsula to reinforce John Pope. 

He sent CSA General Longstreet from Richmond to join General Stonewall Jackson's wing of the army near Gordonsville and arrived to take command himself on August 15.

August 20-21, Pope withdrew to the line of the Rappahannock River.

On August 23, General JEB Stuart's cavalry made a daring raid on Pope's headquarters at Catlett Station, showing that the Union right flank was vulnerable to a turning movement.

Over the next several days, August 22-25, the two armies fought a series of minor actions along the Rappahannock River, including Waterloo Bridge, Lee Springs, Freeman's Ford, and Sulphur Springs, resulting in a few hundred casualties.

Together, these skirmishes primed Pope's army along the river, while Jackson's wing marched via Thoroughfare Gap to capture Bristoe Station and destroy Federal supplies at Manassas Junction, far in the rear of Pope's army.

Result(s): Inconclusive

Other Names: Waterloo Bridge, White Sulphur Springs, Lee Springs, Freeman's Ford

Location: Culpeper County and Fauquier County

Campaign: Northern Virginia Campaign (June-September 1862) next battle in campaign    previous battle in campaign

Date(s): August 22-25, 1862

Principal Commanders: Major General John Pope [US]; Major General Thomas "Stonewall" J. Jackson [CS]

Forces Engaged: Brigades

Estimated Casualties: 225 total

Visiting The Battle Locations?

Hinson’s Mill

On August 25, 1862, beginning his march to Manassas, Stonewall Jackson left the vicinity of Jeffersonton, with about 20,000 troops and two brigades of Stuartís cavalry, marched onto the road between Waterloo Bridge and Amissville, and once past the latter place turned onto the wagon road (RR 643) leading north to the Rappahannock and crossed the river at Hinsonís Mill. The remnants of the mill race can still be visualized. There are two great stones facing each other, one at the edge of each bank. There are drill holes in the surface of the stone, possibly anchors for a wooden bridge structure. On the left bank there is a cleared track that passe up the slope and through the woods (and a clearing) to a paved road (RR 743) that takes you to Orlean and on to Salem at Thoroughfare Gap.

Video - Stonewall Crosses the Rappahannock at Hinson's Mill Aug 1862
Source: Joe Ryan

Overflight of Hinson's Mill

The House Shown at Bottom is at end of Road
Track leads past it down to surviving mill race

Higher View

White marks are hugh boulders that
Were used as bridge pier. Cut in forest on right
Is location of gravel road. There is a dirt road
At the curve that goes down to the left bank



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Stonewall Crosses the Rappahannock at Hinson's Mill Aug 1862
An obscure but reachable spot, just north of Amissville. The crossing point was only a mile or so from Pope's cavalry
picketing the road toward Orleans. Pope knew the rebels were crossing the river in force, but he thought the force was
merely guarding the main body's flank which he assumed was moving west toward the Shenandoah Valley.

Youtube Channel JoeRyanCivilWar

Federal Battery Fording a Tributary of Rappahannock, Battle Day, Cedar Mountain, Virginia, 1862
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Battle Day, Cedar Mountain, Virginia, 1862 Photographic Print

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