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Thompson's Station Tennessee


American Civil War
March 5, 1863

In a period of relative inactivity following the Battle of Stones River, a reinforced Union infantry brigade, under Col. John Coburn, left Franklin to reconnoiter south toward Columbia.

Four miles from Spring Hill, Coburn attacked with his right wing, a Confederate force composed of two regiments; he was repelled. Then, Major General Van Dorn seized the initiative. Brig. General W.H. "Red"  Jackson's dismounted 2nd Division made a frontal attack, while Brig. General Nathan Bedford Forrest's division swept around Coburn's left flank, and into his rear.

After three attempts, characterized by hard fighting, Jackson carried the Union hilltop position as Forrest captured Coburn's wagon train and blocked the road to Columbia in his rear.

Out of ammunition and surrounded, Coburn surrendered. Union influence in Middle Tennessee subsided for a while.

Result(s): Confederate victory

Location: Williamson County

Campaign: Middle Tennessee Operations (1863)

Date(s): March 5, 1863

Principal Commanders: Col. John Coburn [US]; Major General Earl Van Dorn [CS]

Forces Engaged: Infantry brigade [US]; I Cavalry Corps [CS]

Estimated Casualties: 2,206 total (US 1,906; CS 300)

Van Dorn
Van Dorn: The Life and Times of a Confederate General
Biography of the flamboyant Earl Van Dorn, one of the most promising yet disappointing officers in the Confederate Army




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Sources:
U.S. National Park Service
U.S. Library of Congress.