Chattanooga Tennessee


American Civil War
August 21, 1863

On August 16, 1863, Major General William S. Rosecrans, commander of the Army of the Cumberland, launched a campaign to take Chattanooga. Col. John T. Wilder's brigade of the Union 4th Division, XIV Army Corps marched to a location northeast of Chattanooga where the Confederates could see them, reinforcing General Braxton Bragg's expectations of a Union attack on the town from that direction.

On August 21, Wilder reached the Tennessee River opposite Chattanooga and ordered the 18th Indiana Light Artillery to begin shelling the town.  The shells caught many soldiers and civilians in town in church observing a day of prayer and fasting.  The bombardment sank two steamers docked at the landing and created a great deal of consternation amongst the Confederates.  Continued periodically over the next two weeks, the shelling helped keep Bragg's attention to the northeast while the bulk of Rosecrans's army crossed the Tennessee River well west and south of Chattanooga. 

When Bragg learned on September 8 that the Union army was in force southwest of the city, he abandoned Chattanooga.

Result(s):  Successful Union demonstration

Location: Hamilton County and City of Chattanooga

Campaign: Chickamauga Campaign (1863)

Date(s): August 21, 1863

Principal Commanders: Col. John T. Wilder [US]; D.H. Hill [CS]

Forces Engaged: Wilder's Brigade [US]; Hill's Corps [CS]

Estimated Casualties: Unknown


Storming the Heights: A Guide to the Battle of Chattanooga

The Confederate victory of Chickamauga drove the Union Army of the Cumberland back to the key railroad hub of Chattanooga. In early October it had appeared that all Union gains in southern Tennessee might be lost




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Sources:
U.S. National Park Service
U.S. Library of Congress.

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