Gate of Hell: Campaign for Charleston Harbor, 1863
Study of the Union's
Campaign for Charleston. The many attacks the Union attempted that summer to capture the cradle of the Confederacy. Overview of the campaign, focusing on the relationships between the Army and the Navy of the United States
Civil War South Carolina
American Civil War
April 7, 1863
In April, Major General David Hunter prepared his land forces on Folly, Cole's, and North Edisto Islands to cooperate with a naval bombardment of Fort Sumter.
On April 7, the South Atlantic Squadron under Rear Admiral S.F. Du Pont bombarded Fort Sumter, having little impact on the Confederate defenses of Charleston Harbor.
Although several of Hunter's units had embarked on transports, the infantry were not landed, and the joint operation was abandoned.
The ironclad warships Keokuk, Weehawken, Passaic, Montauk, Patapsco, New Ironsides, Catskill, Nantucket, and Nahant participated in the bombardment.
Keokuk, struck more than 90 times by the accurate Confederate fire, sunk the next day.
Result(s): Confederate victory (Warships were repulsed.)
Location: Charleston County
Campaign: Operations against Defenses of Charleston (1863) next battle in campaign Campaigns
Date(s): April 7, 1863
Principal Commanders: Rear Admiral S.F. Du Pont [US]; General P.G.T. Beauregard [CS]
Forces Engaged: 9 warships
Estimated Casualties: 36 total (US 22; CS 14)
Beauregard often gets overlooked, he was never as beloved as Lee or Stonewall Jackson, but he was capable, the man had a sharp mind and Lee understood this, even if Jefferson Davis did not
"Panoramic View of Charleston Harbor. -- Advance of Ironclads to the Attack, April 7th, 1863"
Line engraving published in "The Soldier in our Civil War", Volume II, page 172, with a key to individual ships and land features shown.
U.S. Navy ships
present are (from left to center): Keokuk , Nahant , Nantucket , Catskill , New Ironsides , Patapsco , Montauk , Passaic and Weehawken .
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U.S. National Park Service
U.S. Library of Congress.
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Current Weather and Information for Charleston Harbor South Carolina
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