Big Bethel
Bethel Church, Great Bethel Virginia


American Civil War
June 10, 1861

This was the first land battle in Virginia.

Major General Benjamin F. Butler sent converging columns from Hampton and Newport News against advanced Confederate outposts at Little and Big Bethel.

Confederates abandoned Little Bethel and fell back to their entrenchments behind Brick Kiln Creek, near Big Bethel Church. 

The Federals, under immediate command of Brigadier General Ebenezer Pierce, pursued, attacked frontally along the road, and were repulsed.

Crossing downstream, the 5th New York Zouaves attempted to turn the Confederate left flank, but were repulsed.  Unit commander Col. T. Wynthrop was killed.

The Union forces were disorganized and retired, returning to Hampton and Newport News. The Confederates suffered 1 killed, 7 wounded.

Result(s): Confederate victory

Location: York County and Hampton

Campaign: Blockade of the Chesapeake Bay (May-June 1861) previous battle in campaign

Date(s): June 10, 1861

Principal Commanders: Brigadier General Ebenezer Pierce [US]; Col. John B. Magruder and Col. D.H. Hill [CS]

Forces Engaged: 4,700 total (US 3,500; CS 1,200)

Estimated Casualties: 87 total (US 79; CS 8)




New York Zouaves, 1863
New York Zouaves, 1863
9 in. x 12 in.
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FramedMounted

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U.S. Map Showing Seceeding States by Date, American Civil War, c.1861
U.S. Map Showing Seceeding States by Date, American Civil War, c.1861
24 in. x 18 in.
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Framed   Mounted

Civil War Replica Musket
Civil War Musket
Wood & Steel Frontier Rifle Designed After The Original Rifle


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Sources:
U.S. National Park Service
U.S. Library of Congress.

Fredericksburg Virginia Local Weather and Information

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