In late November, Major General Thomas C. Hindman detached Brigadier General John Marmaduke's cavalry from Van Buren north to occupy the Cane Hill area. Hearing of this movement, Brigadier General James Blunt advanced to meet Marmaduke's command and destroy it, if possible.
The Union vanguard encountered Colonel Joe Shelby's brigade, which fought a delaying action to protect their supply trains. Shelby gradually gave ground until establishing a strong defensive perimeter on Cove Creek where he repulsed a determined attack. The Federals withdrew to Cane Hill, while the Confederates returned to Van Buren.
Although fighting well, Marmaduke's withdrawal was a setback for Hindman's plans for recapturing northwest Arkansas.
Victory at Prairie Grove a few weeks later, solidified Union control of the region.
Result(s): Confederate tactical victory
Location: Washington County
Campaign: Prairie Grove Campaign (1862)
Date(s): November 28, 1862
Principal Commanders: Brigadier General James G. Blunt [US]; Brigadier General John S. Marmaduke [CS]
Forces Engaged: Department of Missouri [US]; two cavalry brigades [CS]
Estimated Casualties: 475 total (US 40; CS 435)