Santa Rosa Island
Civil War Florida

American Civil War
October 9, 1861


After midnight on October 9, Brigadier General Richard Anderson crossed from the mainland to Santa Rosa Island with 1,200 men in two small steamers to surprise Union camps and capture Fort Pickens. He landed on the north beach about four miles east of Fort Pickens and divided his command into three columns.

After proceeding about three miles, the Confederates surprised the 6th Regiment, New York Volunteers, in its camp and routed the regiment.

General Anderson then adopted a defensive stance to entice the Federals to leave the fort and attack.

Receiving reinforcements, Colonel Harvey Brown sallied against the Confederates, who reembarked and returned to the mainland.

Result(s): Union victory

Location: Escambia County

Campaign: Operations of Gulf Blockading Squadron (1861) only battle in campaign Campaigns

Date(s): October 9, 1861

Principal Commanders: Colonel Harvey Brown [US]; Confederate Brigadier General Richard H. Anderson [CS]

Forces Engaged: Santa Rosa Island Garrison (approx. 600 men) [US]; infantry and artillery detachments (approx. 1,200 men) [CS]

Estimated Casualties: 154 total (US 67; CS 87)

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Civil War Curiosities: Strange Stories, Oddities, Events, and Coincidences
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Florida and Part of Georgia and Alabama, c.1861
Florida and Part of Georgia and Alabama, c.1861
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Framed

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Confederate Military History of Florida
The political and military events in the Confederacy's least-populated state during the American Civil War. It begins with the secession of the Florida in January 1861 and continues through the actions at Santa Rosa Island, the Battle of Olustee, and the engagement at Natural Bridge.

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Eye Witness Civil War
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Sources:
U.S. National Park Service
U.S. Library of Congress.

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