Civil War North Carolina
American Civil War
January 13-15, 1865
After the failure of his December expedition against Fort Fisher, Major General Benjamin Butler was relieved of command.
Major General Alfred Terry was placed in command of a "Provisional Corps," including Paine's Division of U.S. Colored Troops, and supported by a naval force of nearly 60 vessels, to renew operations against the fort.
After a preliminary bombardment directed by Rear Admiral David D. Porter on January 13, Union forces landed and prepared an attack on Major General Robert Hoke's infantry line.
On the 15th, a select force moved on the fort from the rear. A valiant attack late in the afternoon, following the bloody repulse of a naval landing party carried the parapet.
The Confederate garrison surrendered, opening the way for a Federal thrust against Wilmington, the South's last open seaport on the Atlantic coast.
Result(s): Union victory
Location: New Hanover County
Campaign: Operations against Fort Fisher and Wilmington (January-February 1865) next battle in campaign Campaigns
Date(s): January 13-15, 1865
Principal Commanders: Rear Admiral David D. Porter and Major General Alfred Terry [US]; General Braxton Bragg, Major General Robert Hoke, and Colonel Charles Lamb [CS]
Forces Engaged: Expeditionary Corps, Army of the James [US]; Hoke's Division and Fort Fisher Garrison [CS]
Estimated Casualties: 2,000 total
Every aspect of Confederate ironclads is covered: design, construction, armor, armament, life on board, strategy, tactics, and actual combat actions.
One of the heaviest of the Civil War Naval battles was fought at Fort Fisher in 1864. This place guarded the approaches to Wilmington, North Carolina . Troops under Butler and a large fleet under Admiral Porter were destined for this enterprise. An incendiary vessel was exploded close to the works without effect on the 23rd-24th of December, and the ships engaged on the 24th.
The next day the troops were disembarked, only to be called off after a partial assault. Butler then withdrew, and Porter was informed on the 31st that " a competent force properly commanded " would be sent out. On the 8th of January 1865 General Terry arrived with the land forces, and the armada arrived off Fisher on the 12th. On the 13th, 6000 men were landed, covered
by the guns of the fleet, and, after Porter had subjected the works to a terrific bombardment, Fisher was brilliantly carried by storm on the 15th. Reinforcements arriving, the whole Union force then marched inland to meet Sherman.
"Second Attack upon Fort Fisher, showing the positions of the vessels, and the lines of fire", 13-15 January 1865
Chart by Walter A. Lane, published in "The Soldier in our Civil War", Volume II.
The positions of
58 ships are represented on the chart. Click to enlarge
Lithograph after a drawing by T.F. Laycock, published by Endicott & Co., New York, 1865, depicting the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron bombarding Fort Fisher, North Carolina, in preparation for its capture. The print is dedicated to Commodore S.W. Godon, USN. More Civil
War Navy Ships and Battles
Ships present, as named on the original print, are (from left to
right in the main battle line): USS Tacony ; USS Maumee ; USS Ticonderoga ; USS Shenandoah ; USS Tuscarora ; USS Juniata ; USS Wabash ; USS Susquehanna ; USS Colorado ; USS Minnesota ; USS Brooklyn ; USS New Ironsides and USS Mohican .
Ships in the foreground are (left to right, from the center of the view): USS Powhatan ; USS Mackinaw ; USS Vanderbilt and USS Malvern (Flagship of Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter).
Monitors in the right middle distance are: USS Monadnock
(with two turrets); USS Mahopac ; USS Saugus and USS Canonicus .
Civil War Soldier 102 Piece Playset
- 25 Union and 25 Confederate Soldier Figures, 18 Horses, 10 Cannon
- 2 Covered Wagons, 2 Tents, 2 Canoes, 2 Flags, 16 Fences
- Size: Figures Stand up to 2-1/8 inches tall
- Scale: 1/32nd, Wagons and Horses slightly smaller
The 2nd North Carolina Cavalry
The Second North Carolina Cavalry involvement with
the Army of Northern Virginia and the North Carolina Cavalry Brigade, and includes official documents, letters written to and from home, diaries and memoirs to present the soldiers' war experiences
The 4th North Carolina Cavalry in the Civil War: A History and Roster
Civil War was entering its second year North Carolina was rallying to supply more troops. The Partisan Ranger Act prompted local leaders to recruit companies of irregular soldiers for service in the Confederate Army. Seven such companies were banded together into a regiment to form the 4th North Carolina Cavalry.
Lee's Tar Heels: The Pettigrew-Kirkland-MacRae Brigade
The most successful of North Carolina's units during the Civil War. The brigade played a central role in
Pickett's Charge at Gettysburg and also fought with distinction during the Petersburg campaign and in later battles including the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, and Cold Harbor
The Battle and Its Aftermath
Chancellorsville was a remarkable victory for
Robert E. Lee's troops, a fact that had enormous psychological importance for both sides, which had met recently at Fredericksburg and would meet again at Gettysburg in just two months. But the achievement, while stunning, came at an enormous cost: more than 13,000 Confederates became casualties, including Stonewall Jackson
Ironclad of the Roanoke
Gilbert Elliott's Albemarle
The story of a Confederate Ironcald that was a powerful force until sunk by a Union Torpedo Boat after its brief stormy life. Ironic in the fact it was built in a Cornfield. Confederate Ingenunity at it finest!
U.S. National Park Service
U.S. Library of Congress
US Naval Archives
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