Season of Fire: The Confederate Strike on Washington
The Confederacy's last effort to do something meaningful by trying to attacked Washington DC. The Confederate forces came pretty close to success. The battle at Monocacy River and fighting in the District of Columbia where President Lincoln came under fire at Fort Stevens

Cool Spring
Island Ford, Parkers Ford
Civil War in Virginia


American Civil War
July 17-18, 1864

Jubals Raid
Jubal's Raid: General Early's Famous Attack on Washington in 1864
General Grant was hammering at the gates of Richmond and the Confederacy seemed doomed. In a bold and desperate stroke, General Lee countered by sending General. Early and a force of only twelve thousand men toward Washington, D.C.

A Union column, consisting of the VI Corps and elements of the XIX Corps under Major General Horatio Wright, pursued Early's army as it withdrew from the environs of Washington, D.C.

Wright's force was joined by elements of Crook's command, which had accompanied Hunter during his retreat through West Virginia. 

On July 17, the Union cavalry passed through Snickers Gap and attempted to force passage of the Shenandoah River at Snickers Ford (Castleman's Ferry).

On the morning of July 18, the vanguard of the Union infantry moved through Snickers Gap. Col. Joseph Thoburn (of Crook's command) led his division downstream to cross the river at Judge Richard Parker's Ford.

Early's three nearby infantry divisions moved to defend the fords. In the afternoon, Rodes's division attacked and shattered Thoburn's right flank on the Cool Spring plantation.

Thoburn made a stand behind a stone wall at the river's edge and beat off three attacks until darkness enabled him to withdraw.

Union pursuit of Early was delayed several days.

Result(s): Confederate victory

Location: Clarke County

Campaign: Early's Raid and Operations against the B&O Railroad (June-August 1864) next battle in campaign  previous battle in campaign

Date(s): July 17-18, 1864

Principal Commanders: Major General Horatio Wright [US]; Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early [CS]

Forces Engaged: 13,000 total (US 5,000; CS 8,000)

Estimated Casualties: 819 total (US 422; CS 397)

Early
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Map of the Seat of Civil War In America, c.1862
Map of the Seat of Civil War In America, c.1862
48 in. x 36.6 in.
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Sources:
U.S. National Park Service
U.S. Library of Congress.

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