Civil War Virginia
American Civil War
July 23, 1863
After recrossing the Potomac River at Williamsport, Lee's army withdrew up the Shenandoah Valley. Meade crossed the Potomac River east of the Blue Ridge and followed Lee into Virginia.
On July 23, Meade ordered the III Corps, under General William. H. French to cut off the retreating Confederate columns at Front Royal by forcing passage through Manassas Gap. At first light, French began slowly pushing Walker's Confederate brigade (Anderson's division) back into the gap.
About 4:30 pm, a strong Union attack drove Walker's men until they were reinforced by Rodes's division and artillery. By dusk, the poorly coordinated Union attacks were abandoned.
During the night, Confederate forces withdrew into the Luray Valley.
On July 24, the Union army occupied Front Royal, but Lee's army was safely beyond pursuit.
Location: Warren County
Campaign: Gettysburg Campaign (June-August 1863) previous battle in campaign Campaigns
Date(s): July 23, 1863
Principal Commanders: General William H. French [US]; Major General Richard Anderson [CS]
Forces Engaged: Divisions
Estimated Casualties: 440 total
The Union Generals Speak: The Meade Hearings on the Battle of Gettysburg
The first annotated edition of the 1864 congressional investigation into Major General George Gordon Meade's conduct during the Gettysburg campaign. The transcripts alone, which present eyewitness accounts from sixteen participant officers at Gettysburg, offer a wealth of information about the most pivotal battles in American history
Wade Hampton: Confederate Warrior to Southern Redeemer
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Robert E. Lee
This book not only offers concise detail but also gives terrific insight into the state of the Union and Confederacy during Lee's life. Lee was truly a one of kind gentleman and American, and had Virginia not been in the south or neutral, he ultimately would have led the Union forces.
Nathan Bedford Forrest's Escort And Staff
The CSA escort company and staff officers of Nathan Bedford Forrest were held in awe by men on both sides of the conflict during the war and long after, and they continue to be held in esteem as figures as legendary as Forrest himself. Not merely guards or couriers, these men were an elite force who rode harder and fought more fiercely than any others
Nathan Bedford Forrest: A Biography
Nathan Bedford Forrest was one of the most interesting figures from the mid-19th Century. He was also one of the most controversial -- given his role as Confederate cavalryman, Fort Pillow, and the rise of the first KKK
U.S. National Park Service
U.S. Library of Congress.
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